Tainan is the cradle of Taiwanese development. The wealth of precious historical and cultural assets is a result of the city’s long history. Tainan is therefore also the most representative area of the country. Most local tourists who visit Taiwan experience a familiar feeling of coming home. This feeling of home is the main reason why Tainan continues to draw Tainan natives back to their hometown and attracts tourists who are emotionally attached to the city.
Tainan possesses the largest number of cultural treasures in Taiwan which have been accumulated over many years. The city features more than 130 historic sites, buildings
, and museums
. One fourth of these sites have been declared national historic monuments. Besides government efforts in the preservation, reactivation, and resurrection of old buildings there are also countless remarkable cases of private efforts in this area. The city government has therefore implemented the Municipal Ordinance for the Revitalization of Historic Districts to improve the protection of historic assets and create an environment where modern urban life and ancient history can coexist and flourish together. It is therefore no wonder that the Michelin Green Guide
, a prestigious international travel publication, has recommended Tainan as a three-star tourist destination. Tainan was also selected as one of the must-visit cities by Lonely Planet
, while the Chihkan Tower
, the Grand Matsu (Sea Goddess) Temple
, the Guan Gong (God of War) Temple
, Confucius Temple
, and the Nankunshen Temple
have been awarded the maximum of three stars.
Tainan boasts of almost 2000 temples that carry on the tradition of a large variety of cultural festivities, rites, and traditional ceremonies
which can’t be found elsewhere. During the Lunar New Year Season, daily activities are scheduled from the first to the fifteenth day of the first month of the lunar year. Traditional folk ceremonies and activities include the internationally renowned Yanshuei Fireworks Festival
on the 15th day of the first month of the lunar year, the dragon boat races on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, the Coming of age ceremony for sixteen-year-olds on the 7th day of the 7th lunar month, and rice dumpling wrapping on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month. These activities give visitors a glimpse of the rich and fascinating cultural heritage of Taiwan. Upon the merger of Tainan County and Tainan City and the upgrade of the city to a special municipality in late 2010, the cultural and artistic activities have become even more diversified and international. The annual Tainan International Arts Festival, International Folklore Festival, Koxinga Cultural Festival, Confucius Temple Cultural Festival, and the Siraya Night Ritual are artistic and cultural activities with both a pronounced regional character and an international outlook. During the annual festivities or important temple activities, the streets and alleys in Tainan are always a scene of bustling activity and excitement, which is also a source of fascination and amazement for visitors.
Another special feature which has to be mentioned here is the food stall culture. The food stands in Tainan are famous all over the country. On the one hand, the chefs of the nobility of the Ming and Cing period spread the art of cooking among the population, on the other hand, a large variety of sophisticated food stall delicacies were developed during the period of the Dutch occupation, the Ming and Cing dynasties, and the Japanese occupation. This has led to the cultivation of a gourmet lifestyle and the omnipresence of a large variety of unique delicacies in the city’s streets and alleyways in modern times.
Besides being the cradle of the island’s humanistic history, Tainan is also endowed with plentiful and unique natural wealth. Nature has not only provided Tainan with three national scenic areas, namely the Yun Jia Nan Area
, the Siraya National Scenic Area
, and Taijiang National Park
but also with the largest farming area and fishery breeding ground in Taiwan. The fertile Jianan plain supplies the area with more than 94,476 hectares of farmland which produces the most highly-praised rice in Taiwan. The fruit, vegetables, and flowers grown in this area which are famous all over the island include mangoes, pineapples, pomelos, papayas, orchids, flaming lilies, corn, sweet potatoes, carrots, tomatoes, melons, and mushrooms. These farm products are not only popular in Taiwan but also form a key part of the Taiwanese vegetable and fruit exports. The breeding area for aquatic animals such as milkfish, Taiwanese bream, and white shrimp takes up 17,591 hectares, making it the largest of its kind in Taiwan. The rich land and marine resources turn Tainan into a region with an abundance of locally produced food ingredients.
Since Tainan is facing the ocean, Anping Harbor, a port open for international shipping, was founded as early as the 16th century, and a man-made canal indicative of the area’s early economic development was also built. In addition, there are important wetland and lagoon areas along the coastline. The mud volcano landscape in the Baihe area has created one of the four largest mud springs in the world, the Guanzihling Hot Spring. A rare chalk soil landscape can be found in the Zuojhen and Longci area. These areas exhibit Tainan’s great geological diversity and rich ecology. Visitors to Tainan can observe protected plants and animals such as mangrove forests, black-faced spoonbills, and pheasant-tailed jacanas close up. This environment which is characterized by ocean areas, lakes, ports, wetlands, lagoons, and mountain forests has also turned Tainan into an internationally renowned mecca for bird-watching.
As far as economic activities are concerned, the area’s tourism industry is based on the cultural assets and natural scenery, while the industrial sector is characterized by the coexistence of hi-tech and traditional industries. The hi-tech industry is mainly composed of optoelectronics, integrated circuit, biotechnology, and green energy pv businesses. The traditional industrial sector, on the other hand, consists of automobile and scooter spare part, food product and pharmaceutical, hardware, and textile enterprises. The main industrial zones are located in Shugu
, and the Southern Taiwan Science Park
. Globally leading technology enterprises such as Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company
, and solar energy and optoelectronics related industries all have a foothold in the city. In addition, Academia Sinica has selected the Tainan HSR station area as the site for its southern branch. These facets of economic activity inject vitality into the economic development of Tainan.
Besides the rich natural and cultural resources, Tainan’s greatest assets are its people.
Tainan is full of energy and vitality due to a climate of 336 clear and sunny days a year on average. The famous movie director Ang Lee
and the MLB stars Jian-Ming Wang
and Hong-Jhih Kuo
are all Tainan natives. Sports activities are flourishing in the city. Baseball activities can be seen everywhere, but there are also seasonal marathon events, jogging contests, and bicycle races. We welcome all sports lovers to participate in these events! Only if you visit Tainan will you be able to experience the warmth, hospitality, and the content and carefree lifestyle of the local people and fully enjoy the beauty of life in Tainan.
We invite visitors from all over the world to come to Tainan to discover and explore our local culture, culinary delicacies, and the natural beauty of our city. Please accept our hospitality and our offer of genuine friendship!